LIC Sound - High End Personal Mixing Classes
At LICSound we teach the art of mixing. Creating an audio mix that is pleasing to listeners is a true art form. The manipulation of the source signals' level, dynamics, and panoramic position, and the addition of effects such as reverb and delay, can have a huge impact on the overall feel of a song.
The Art of Mixing explores the many creative and technical considerations necessary to mix in today's music production environment, regardless of platform or format. This course teaches the different steps of the mixing process, including equalization, panning, dynamic processing (compressors, gates, expanders, and limiters), reverb and delays, as well as automation techniques and practical examples. The techniques presented apply to any Digital Audio Workstation (DAW), or digital or analog console.
The course analyzes some of the most famous and revered brands and models of mixing gear, including comparisons between analog and digital outboard gear versus plug-in emulations and plug-in unique processors. It features video, sound, and visual examples based on common platforms such as Pro Tools, Logic, and Digital Performer, as well as a hybrid mix performed in an SSL 4000 G console, combined with Pro Tools and a huge variety of outboard gear.
Students will be required to deliver a mix every week for critique by the instructor. For each mix assignment, students will use professional recordings especially made for the course, in a variety of styles. The goal of the course is to impart both a technical and artistic approach to mixing and for students to acquire the core skill set needed to mix multi-track master recordings to a stereo final mix-down suitable for release.
By the end of this course, you will be able to:
- Understand the technical requirements needed to prepare recording tracks for mixing.
- Implement professional music standards for organizing your mix session and delivering the final mix.
- Apply editing tools needed to improve musical performance, such as vocal tuning, vocal comping, and tempo editing
- Understand and use different types of equalizers, compressors, gates, reverbs, delays, chorus, flangers, and many other processors necessary to mix effectively
- Employ automation techniques, from basic to using all kinds of parameters
- Apply mixing techniques specific to drums and vocals
- Thoroughly analyze and evaluate your own mix and others
- Identify the main mixing trends per genre of contemporary music
Lesson 1: Overview of Mixing Music
Overview and History of Mixing
Mixing = Balance
Building a Mix
Lesson 2: Mix Setup: Organization, Ergonomics, and Phase Relationships
Recommendations from the Music Industry
Compatibility between DAWs
Importance of Metering
Importance of Gain Staging
Mixing Levels and Delivery Standards
Exporting the Mix
Lesson 3: Equalization Techniques
Equalizers: History, Theory, and Application
Plug-in vs. Analog Hardware EQ
Creative Equalization Techniques
Classic Analog EQ: SSL
Lesson 4: Reverb and Delays
Reverb and Delay as Acoustical Phenomena
Reverbs: Parameters, Chamber, Spring, Plate, Halls, and Room
Delays: Parameters, Tape, Ping Pong, and ADT
Analog vs. Digital, Plug-in vs. Hardware
Reverb Critical Listening Exercise
Assignment 4: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 5: Automation Techniques
Automated Mixing Overview and Historical Perspective
VCA, Moving or Flying Faders, and Total Recall: From Analog to DAW
Analog vs. Digital, Console vs. DAW
Modes of Operation for Automated Mixes: Write, Read, and Update
Hands-on Options: Real Time, Off-Line, or Snapshot Automation
Assignment 5: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 6: Dynamics Processing Part 1
Compression Controls and Functionality
Compressor Types, Demonstrations, and Comparisons
Solid State, Tube, FET, JFET, Optical Sensors, Vari-MU
Classic Analog Compressors
Assignment 6: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 7: Dynamics Processing Part 2
Limiting and Loudness Maximization
Noise Gating and Expansion
Use of Side-Chains, Keying, and Ducking Effects
Dessing, Multi-Band Compression, and Limiting
Assignment 7: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 8: Miscellaneous Unusual FX and Secret Techniques
Chorusing, Flanging, Phasing, Tremolo, Leslie Cabinet
Distortion, Soundfield Processing, Amp Simulation
Reverse Reverb, Reverse Delays, Backwards Compression
Sub-Harmonic Enhancement and Low Frequency Extension
Assignment 8: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 9: Vocal Mixing Techniques
Preparing V ocals for the Mix: V ocal Editing
V ocal EQ, Dynamic, Gain-Setting, Leveling
Vocal Tuning and Time Correcting
Assignment 9: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 10: Drum Mixing Techniques
Drum Equalization, Compression, Gating, Editing, Leveling, and Grouping
Mixing MIDI Drums versus Acoustic Drums
Drum Sound Replacement and Samples
Drum Timing Correction
Assignment 10: Mix "Selected Track"
Lesson 11: Instrumental Mixing Techniques
Mixing the Electric Bass, Upright Bass, and Bass Synthesizer
Mixing Electric and Acoustic Guitars
Mixing Horns and Strings both Real and Synthesized
Mixing Exotic and Unusual Instruments and Vocals
Lesson 12: Specialized Mix Directions and Techniques Overview
Mixing Pop Overview
Mixing Rock Overview
Mixing Hip Hop and R'n'B Overview
Mixing Jazz Overview